Oppana is a popular dance form among the Mappila community of Kerala, south India, prevalent all over, especially in the northern district of Malappuram.The Malayalam word Oppana Pattu is the derivation of Tamil word ‘Oppanai Pattu’. In Tamil ‘Oppanai’ means make up. Oppana is a dance form and a performing art practiced by the Muslim women in the Malabar region of Kerala, especially the districts of Canaonore, Calicut and Malappuram. It is believed that the word Oppana derives its origin from the word Afna (Arabic). It is performed to commemorate the nuptial celebrations of the bride and is part of the wedding festivities.
Sometime Oppana is also presented by males to entertain the bridegroom. It usually takes place just before the bridegroom leaves for the bride's residence where the Nikah (marriage) takes place or at the time he enters the Maniyara.